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Triac based Lamp Dimmer power control


This is a phase angle control of a Triac which is a evolution from an SCR. The 50 Hz or 60 Hz  Sine wave of mains can be turned on at any point after the Zero Crossing.

Edison Bulb Life Extender

The Voltage ramps up in the sine wave which gives a near "Linear"  slope which can be used to trigger the ON at a time delay after zero crossing when the voltage is zero. This is like a PWM but works on low frequency only. Some of the early SMPS(HV for TV and Mains Inverter) by Siemens were built around SCRs. Turning off a SCR is a difficult job for a designer, MOSFETS and IGBT are now used for PWM drive stages.

You can use it with a bulb to vary brightness of bulb, this is a live circuit it can give a shock, enclose in plastic box, the pot should have a plastic knob, use a fuse, you can also use it for temperature control of soldering irons.

    

Triac based Lamp Dimmer power control


The Source file is here del00004.zip


2N2646 based Voltage controlled SCR Pulser

A Center tap 50Hz Step Down Transformer with two diodes is used to get a train of Positive Sine Pulses at 100Hz which is applied to Q6 base via R51. 2N2646 is a unijunction transistor(UJT) in a TO-18 metal package. The control voltage or voltage proportional to error is fed to R56-Q3, 

Drive or Fire Thyristors SCR with Pulses

The UJT drives a pulse transformer which provides isolation from the Load which the SCR bridge is controlling. This phase angle control gives a near Linear closed loop control for a SCR bridge which may be used in Electroplating or a Preregulator of a big power supply.

Drive SCR Thyristor with 555

2N2646 based Voltage
                        controlled SCR Pulser